Divine Concurrence and Moral Responsibility

To be human is to be a responsible agent, accountable before the face of God. Paganism and secularism alike seek to deny that responsibility — either by denying God or by denying culpability. 

Often the unbeliever will decry that since God is in complete control, man cannot be held responsible for his actions. This simple retort fails to understand the doctrine of divine concurrence.

The doctrine of divine concurrence simply means that God and man are both acting and working at the same time, or, concurrently. Scripture does not give a philosophy of the will, of responsibility and accountability, or a systematic approach to ethics. Therefore, it does not explicitly ask or answer these sort of questions that we would like it to. The doctrine of divine concurrence has a direct parallel with the Trinity and the incarnation. We know that God is three and one, that Christ is God and man, and we must find a way to reason about these Biblical truths without denying one or the other. Likewise, we know that God is sovereign and man is responsible. But it helps to first give an account of what action is, in order to understand how both God and man are acting concurrently. 

Action is not something that happens apart from a will. If my arm spasms due to a seizure, this was not an action, but an event. If I raise my hand to get someoneR