A man who has no loyalties is a man whose identity is up for sale. The virtue of loyalty is but one sine qua non of the social ingredients necessary for a society to “stick together.”
Russell Kirk said, "Our twentieth-century world has experienced the hideous consequences of the collapse of belief in a moral order." If we in society exchange belief in objective morality --a transcendent moral order-- for clever sophism is indubitably to commit moral suicide.
To be human is to be a responsible agent, accountable before the face of God. Paganism and secularism alike seek to deny that responsibility — either by denying God or by denying culpability.
Secularism is reductionistic. It is the rejection of the transcendent. If we cannot explain the existence of everything that we see by the transcendent explanation of a Creator beyond this world, we must explain all that exists based on its constitutive elements...
Kant, growing up in a Protestant family--yet rejecting theology--alienated the doctrine of vocation and created a secularized version. Thus, Kant influenced Marx with a global impact.
Providing some insight into Kant for the philosophizing theologian, the 1789 revolution was a laboratory for Kant; seeing his theories put into practice. Read how Kant's former students, influenced by Edmund Burke, began turning their face away from Kant.
Kuyper provides a Biblical answer to poverty; a nuanced position to include the collective and the individual. Poverty is neither new, nor always a result of sin, but it must be addressed by the compassionate Christian.